Bioenergies & BECCS

Eligible projects produce energy (heat, electricity, substances used for energy purposes such as gas, liquid) and/or carbon sequestering substances. This type of project includes processes such as:

- Capturing greenhouse gasses (CH4, CO2) from the atmosphere using biogenic processes, or recovering plant biomass that has captured atmospheric CO2 through photosynthesis

- Transforming captured gas or biomass into carbon-containing substances


Eligible types of carbon capture include:
  • biogenic CO2 from combustion of biomass, bioliquids or biogas (BECCS, bio-CCS)
  • biogenic carbon-containing substance (bio-oil, biochar,…)
Eligible types of storage:
  • application of carbon containing substance in agriculture fields
  • injection of carbon containing substance into reservoir
  • direct injection of CO2 into deep geological formation
To be eligible, a project:
  1. must produce bioenergies from sustainably sourced biomass or waste biomass, a list of biomass types can be found in IPCC Appendix 4 Method for Estimating the Change in Mineral Soil Organic Carbon Stocks from Biochar Amendments (Table 4AP.1)
  2. must prove 100% of the origin of the biogenic sources
  3. must produce evidence of emissions reductions and capture with an LCA according to the General LCA Methodology.
  4. The direct use of fossil fuels for heating the pyrolysis reactor is prohibited, unless only used for ignition/pre-heating or in a mobile unit and the emissions are fully included in the LCA.
Additional requirement for biochar producers:

The molar π»πΆπ‘œπ‘Ÿπ‘”β„ ratio must be less than 0.7. The π»πΆπ‘œπ‘Ÿπ‘”β„ ratio is an indicator of the degree of carbonization and therefore of the biochar stability. Values exceeding 0.7 are an indication of non-pyrolytic chars or pyrolysis deficiencies.

A sustainable biomass used as feedstock has to respect the following rules :

  • when it is from agricultural waste, at least 30% must remain on fields
  • in case of forests, or landscape, only waste can be used, and the territory must be managed sustainably
  • when it is from cultures, land use change must be managed correctly
  • be part of the European Biochar Certificate’s Positive list of permissible biomasses for the production of biochar, available here.


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