Eligible technologies in bioenergies

Project selection criteria

  1. The project is based in Europe (including: EU countries + Switzerland + UK + Norway)
  2. The project involves biological or industrial circular model such as: recycling, reconditioning, waste valorization, bio-based energies, bio-based material, carbon capture and storage
  3. The project enables impact on the emission reduction, avoidance or capture (directly or downstream)

Bioenergies with/without carbon capture and storage

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This methodology sets the requirements for eligibility and quantification of the net CO2 removal/reduction impact achieved where CO2 is captured from the atmosphere with biogenic CO2 capture and transform into energies and carbon storage vehicles by the project developer.

Net CO2 impact is calculated as net carbon balance of emissions and storages, using Life Cycle Assessment based on IS014040/44.

Bioenergies with or without carbon capture and storage, involves:

  • Capturing biogas (CH4, CO2, H2…) from the atmosphere with biogenic CO2 capture, where plants have originally captured CO2 from the atmosphere through photosynthesis.
  • Transforming biomass and/or biogass into carbon-containing substance
  • Fixing carbon into a long-term stability output, such as boi-oils or biochar
  • Returning CO2 or carbon-containing substance to the earth, in either soil or reservoirs

This methodology is applicable to Carbon Contribution Credits (CCCs) issued by Riverse.

1. Eligibility requirements

Activity types

Eligible projects are producing energies (heat, electricity, substance used for energies purpose such asgas, liquid) and/or carbon containing substance.

Eligible types of carbon capture:

  • biogenic CO2 from combustion of biomass, bioliquids or biogas (BECCS, bio-CCS)
  • biogenic carbon-containing substance (bio-oil, ethanol,…)

Eligible types of storage:

  • utilisation of carbon containing substance in agriculture fields
  • injection of carbon containing substance into reservoir
  • direct injection of CO2 into deep geological formation

Requirements

To be eligible, a project:

  1. must produce bioenergies from sustainably sourced biomass or waste biomass, a list of biomass types can be found in IPCC Appendix 4 Method for Estimating the Change in Mineral Soil Organic Carbon Stocks from Biochar Amendments (Table 4AP.1)
  2. must prove 100% of the origin of the biogenic sources
  3. must produce evidence of emissions reductions and capture with results from a life cycle assessment or carbon footprint of the bioenergies and biomass produced. Life cycle assessment (LCA) shall present carbon footprint cradle-to-grave according to ISO standard 14040/44 or WRI GHG protocol.
  4. The direct use of fossil fuels for heating the pyrolysis reactor is prohibited, unless only used for ignition/pre-heating or in a mobile unit and the emissions are fully included in the LCA.

Additional requirement for biochar producers:

The molar π»πΆπ‘œπ‘Ÿπ‘”β„ ratio must be less than 0.7. The π»πΆπ‘œπ‘Ÿπ‘”β„ ratio is an indicator of the degree of carbonization and therefore of the biochar stability. Values exceeding 0.7 are an indication of non-pyrolytic chars or pyrolysis deficiencies.

A sustainable biomass has to respect the following rules :

  • when it is from agricultural waste, at least 30% must remain on fields
  • in case of forests, or landscape, only waste can be used, and the territory must be managed sustainably
  • when it is from cultures, land use change must be managed correctly
  • it can not be harmful for environment
  • if all the previous conditions have been respected, it also has to be part of this list.

3. Life cycle assessment and baseline

Quality and precision

To evaluate GHG emissions of the project, it:

  • must provide a complete cradle-to-grave life cycle assessment or carbon footprint
  • Must use a cut-off rule at 1/100 of CO2eq emissions (GWP), all activity must be reported unless it represents less than 1% of the total GHG emissions
  • therefore must include, within the project boundaries:
  • industrial equipment production and assembly
  • transportation of the input biomass
  • transportation and distribution of the outputs

Baselines

Here bellow you will fine available baseline scenarios:

  • Hydrogen in France and Europe (kg)
  • Natural gas in EU (kWh PCU)
  • Heat in France (kWh PCU)

Other common LCA rules

All projects carbon assessment must comply with Riverse Life Cycle Assessment rules.

Project data-model

The LCA of each project should provide evidence of the link between the input biogenic materials and emissions reduction and removals.

3. Certification

The point of certification of the CO2 reduction and removal credits is the moment when the project developer has produced all evidence and when through the VVB audit. The auditor checks the projects against general eligibility criteria of Riverse Standard and the specific requirements is this methodology.

4. Verification of carbon credits

The point of verification of the CO2 reduction and removal credits is the moment when energy and/or CO2 or carbon-containing substance has been produced and the data records are auditable. Once the project developer submitted the data records, verification can start.

  1. Data record of produced energy (kWh)
  2. Data record of the origin and tonnage of biogenic inputs (biomass)
  3. Data record of transported distance (logistic operator provides a report)
  4. Data record of the use of carbon-containing substance: quantity and type of end-of-life (of use)

The mix between reduction/avoidance and removal credits is defined by the project LCA.

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