Eligible technologies for extended end-of-life of products & materials

Project selection criteria

  1. The project is based in Europe (including: EU countries + Switzerland + UK + Norway)
  2. The project involves biological or industrial circular model such as: recycling, reconditioning, waste valorization, bio-based energies, bio-based material, carbon capture and storage
  3. The project enables impact on the emission reduction, avoidance or capture (directly or downstream)

This methodology sets the requirements for eligibility and quantification of the net CO2 reduction/avoidance impact achieved where carbon-intensive products are reconditioned or materials are recover from dismentelling of industrial compounds by the project developer.

Net CO2 impact is calculated as net carbon balance of emissions between project and baseline scenario, using Life Cycle Assessment based on IS014040/44.

Process extending end-of-life of products and materials, can involve:

  • Collecting and sorting waste
  • Dismantling or assessing viability
  • Repairing and reconditioning products
  • Transforming material or compound into new raw material
  • Conditioning and distributing material and products

This methodology is applicable to Carbon Contribution Credits (CCCs) issued by Riverse.

Extended end-of-life of products & materials

1. Eligibility requirements

Activity types

Eligible projects are recycling products or material or reconditioning products, they avoid incineration of waste.

Eligible types of recycling process:

  • mechanical sorting or recycling process, enabling extraction of raw materials
  • biogenic recycling using micro-organism, enabling transformation of raw materials
  • chemical recycling process when all exhaust gas are controlled and filtered

Eligible types of reconditioned products:

  • hardware electronics: smartphones, computers, tablets
  • batteries: cars, e-scooters
  • For other types of product a case by


To be eligible, a project:

  1. enables impact on the emission reduction, avoidance or capture. Meaning most of emission reductions are permitted with a process owned or managed by the project developer or a process downstream of the project developer.
  2. must produce evidence of emissions reductions and avoidance with results from a life cycle assessment or carbon footprint of the process. Life cycle assessment (LCA) shall present carbon footprint cradle-to-grave according to ISO standard 14040/44 or WRI GHG protocol.
  3. must enable material “loops”, collecting and valorizing of industrial waste or products, thus reducing mineral extraction needs (by extended end-of-life)
  4. must improve either waste collection or treatment efficiency, compared to the baseline scenario
  5. must prove the main part of the developer’s value chain (assembly and production) is based in Europe
  6. The direct use of fossil fuels within the process (heating for instance) is prohibited.

3. Life cycle assessment and baseline

Quality and precision

To evaluate GHG emissions of the project, it:

  • must provide a complete cradle-to-grave life cycle assessment or carbon footprint
  • Must use a cut-off rule at 1/100 of CO2eq emissions (GWP), all activity must be reported unless it represents less than 1% of the total GHG emissions
  • therefore must include, within the project boundaries:
  • industrial equipment production and assembly
  • all transportations for input collection and sorting
  • transportation and distribution of the outputs


Here bellow you will fine available baseline scenarios:

  • Smartphone in France
  • Computer in France
  • Lead-acid battery

Other common LCA rules

All projects carbon assessment must comply with Riverse Life Cycle Assessment rules.

Project data-model

The LCA of each project should provide evidence of the link between the input materials and energies and emissions reduction and/or avoidance.

3. Certification

The point of certification of the CO2 reduction and avoidance credits is the moment when the project developer has produced all evidence and when through the VVB audit. The auditor checks the projects against general eligibility criteria of Riverse Standard and the specific requirements is this methodology.

4. Verification of carbon credits

The point of verification of the CO2 reduction and avoidance credits is the moment when the product (or output of the process) has been produced and the data records are auditable. Once the project developer submitted the data records, verification can start.

  1. Data record of the input tonnage (treated materials)
  2. Data record of the output tonnage (valorized materials)
  3. Data record of transported distance (in ton.km)

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